The collection consists of harmonised data collected by the Member States in the frame of the Regulation (EU) No 692/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning European statistics on tourism. 136 0 obj <>stream These three destinations have relatively long stays of 8 or 9 nights on average and a prevalence of air travel to reach the country, 76 % of trips or more (see Table 1). Alan A. Lew, Long Tail Tourism: New Geographies For Marketing Niche Tourism Products, Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 10.1080/10548400802508515, 25, 3-4, (409-419), (2008). ��@�TPͫ!�! Per night, visitors from the EU to other EU countries spent on average EUR 109 (see Figure 3), ranging from EUR 63 in Slovakia to EUR 147 in Estonia (the country with the shortest average length of stay – 3.1 nights – mainly by tourists from nearby Finland). 130 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<924A371A22E8ECCE13F0AF22E786A497>]/Index[122 15]/Info 121 0 R/Length 59/Prev 413512/Root 123 0 R/Size 137/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Residents of the EU made 240 million tourism trips of at least one overnight stay to destinations in another EU Member State in 2018. In five countries, the countryside was an attraction for at least 1 out of 3 inbound holiday trips: Romania (43 %), Ireland (38 %), Denmark and Austria (both at 36 %) and the Netherlands (34 %). Looking at the breakdown by month of departure of trips, July (12.3 %) and August (12.9 %) accounted for more than one out of four trips, while January represented only 3.9 % of intra-EU trips in 2018 (see Table 2). Seaside attracted European tourists for more that three out of four of their holiday trips to Croatia (88 %), Bulgaria (85 %), Greece (80 %), Cyprus (79 %) and Malta (77 %). In Bulgaria the share of these two months was 45 % while in Greece, more than two out of three inbound trips were made during the summer season, but were more evenly spread throughout the four months, June to September (see Figure 6). The methodological approach is based on the simple fact that an outbound flow for one country represents an inbound flow for the country visited. The lowest seasonality was recorded in Czechia followed by Belgium and Germany; in these countries the number of Intra-EU inbound trips during the peak month was less than 3 times higher compared with the lowest month (see Figure 7). Three types of tourism flows can be distinguished: domestic tourism (persons making tourism trips within their country of residence), outbound tourism and inbound tourism. Looking at trips for personal purposes and at the features of the destination that attracted tourists, city tourism was reported as one of the attractions for 44 % of intra-EU personal trips of Europeans in 2016, followed by seaside which was a relevant feature for 41 % of the trips, countryside (24 %) and mountains (20 %) (see Table 3) (see chapter "Data sources). endstream endobj 123 0 obj <>>> endobj 124 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> endobj 125 0 obj <>stream Europeans stayed on average 1 week when visiting other EU countries in 2018. Explaining tourism flows The tourism-demand model has prevailed in the literature as the appropriate modeling framework to estimate the international tourist trade between two or several pairs of countries (Askari, 1971, Barry and O’Hagan, 1972, Crouch, 1994a, Lim, 1997, Morley, 1998, Sinclair, 1998, Witt et al., 1994). Three types of tourism flows can be distinguished: domestic tourism (persons making tourism trips within their country of residence), outbound tourism and inbound tourism. �"� These characteristics drive the demand for reliable and harmonised statistics within this field, as well as within the wider context of regional policy and sustainable development policy areas. The results are satisfying according to them. Railway was relatively significant for visitors to Belgium (12 % of intra-EU inbound trips) and Czechia (10 %) while buses were relatively significant (above 13 %) for intra-EU trips to Lithuania, Czechia and Latvia. %PDF-1.7 %���� Only in Estonia and Finland, was waterway the dominant means of transport for inbound visitors (70 % and 38 % of all intra-EU trips respectively) most likely because of the popular ferry connection between Tallinn and Helsinki. The Tourism Flows Model (TFM), funded by the Ministry of Tourism, is a software tool developed by Covec Limited and Eagle Technology that responds to these needs. Until recently, the main source for European statistics on inbound tourism was statistics on arrivals and nights spent by non-residents at tourist accommodation establishments . Cities were reported as an attraction for more than four out of five holiday trips to Estonia (86 %) and Czechia (84 %). The share of waterway was particularly high also for intra-EU trips to Sweden. Collection of annual data on trips of EU residents. In 2018, tourism trips made by EU residents to another EU Member State as a destination had an average duration of one week (6.7 nights), ranging from 3.1 nights for trips to Estonia to 9.0 nights for trips to Greece (see Figure 1). When looking at the countries visited, air transport accounted for at least 80 % of all intra-EU inbound flows in Cyprus (95 %), Malta (95 %), Greece (88 %) and Ireland (80 %). In fact, there is no universally accepted measure of tourism flows; however, the majority of previous studies adopt Europeans stay 1 week on average when visiting other EU countries, Average expenditure on trips to another EU country was EUR 725, Europeans use plane and car equally for their trips to other European countries, Nearly 4 in 5 trips spent in rented tourist accommodation, More than 1 in 4 Intra-EU trips were made in July and August, Cruise ships popular for trips to Estonia, Finland and Sweden, Number of trips by country/world region of destination (tin00190), Number of nights spent by country/world region of destination (tin00193), Agenda for a sustainable and competitive European tourism, European Commission - Directorate-General for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs - Tourism, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=Tourism_statistics_-_intra-EU_tourism_flows&oldid=482412, Source: Eurostat (online data code: tour_dem_ttw, tour_dem_tnw). The first data transmission took place in 2014 for the reference year 2013 and the second in 2017 for the reference year 2016. :!����x��\��F�K2�s���_�~�lj顣���B3C�/�~d9�x�Q�a��Ѐ0���9;o���8���Ν]��f20H.x&�l���\ For instance, the relative price (and distance) to reach Greece will motivate tourists to stay longer, while the proximity and accessibility (short ferry ride) of Estonia to its main generating market (Finland) will make short breaks of a few days the more likely way of visiting this Baltic country. The aim of this last article in the online publication Tourism trips of Europeans is mainly to briefly outline the potential offered by using partner countries' data to produce previously unavailable information, rather than to draw a comprehensive picture of inbound tourism. endstream endobj 126 0 obj <>stream For this variable, multiple answer possibilities are allowed. ��n4D�Gp�a�F�8��w&Ì������w_uÌ3g���9�s�^^իz�޻���|n5 � ZA��ISs��8��O���5F��/�}�m=�=���� K&wZm. In case of a trip involving several destinations, it should refer to the entire trip and not only to the main destination of the trip. According to the gravity model approach, tourism flows are proportional to the economic size of the origin and destination areas and to trading facilitators (in our case, non-stop flights), while they decay with distance (Khadaroo and Seetanah, 2007, Massidda et al., 2015, Morley et al., 2014). !bc*�@����;:�O�q@N*)I�@\�;e]:���tkXNb}�� H �9�U1��0���Ġ :�!HA20HC�� ���e�)�K%�.��"�b�IJ Bus (6 %), train (4 %) and transport using waterways (3 %) were far less significant. According to the existing literature, tourism flows can be explained by means of demand function specification, although modelling tourism demand is not a straightforward task. Seasonality of inbound trips by visitors coming from other EU countries was particularly high in Croatia, where more than half of all inbound trips (51.4 %) took place during the two core summer months, July and August. h��T�Kg�?�2�D6^��R��K.�B�31q²��/�K�&���wKD -�����Q:�%E*�p(RI����2:�--�2��П߽wgm7��z��>��}���yu��A��C��Ӆ�KO7b� ���8�9�K8]xTJ��n�x����/��%��O����_��}r�9YA~�#+���d���O��Fj���=2�K�wHu�Tw��6���T��-R����o�'�̓;��s믧������+�j+�ss7���Xؿ^{<=�S�{Z���u0>�[�n�����}z[���f+suS)����*���zh��X�M�~�kK���g�հ�8�V������-_כˏ��]��e���>�cK�~����\o)��+K��z\�n*��j*��GjS���T�Zc~�D~��C#��H�4ė��lc�֞��8���ta�M5�_k�h��l�Pt�]E��G�k͡+��, Trips with waterway as main mode of transport robustness to the flow of trade and tourism the ususal.. Numbers of French economists are working French economists are working second in 2017 the... ( see Figure 4 ) May 2020, at 08:13 Eurostat every three years a few numbers French. Of transport in 2014 for the country visited for private or professional purpose, the! 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