For example: Vous n’allez rien faire ce weekend. French Negative Sentences Examples. Native & verified teachers; Free trial lesson; Learning materials included; Eleonora B. They generally also have two parts: ne … personne (no one, not anyone) Example: Je ne vois personne dans la rue. (He plays with no one.). I don’t eat tonight. I don’t eat. Rien (nothing, not anything) Personne (nobody, no one) ), If a conjugated verb begins with a vowel, ne becomes n’. Le Petit Grevisse – A French Grammar Book. ne … rien (nothing, not anything) Example: Il n ’y a rien de plus beau. With Lingolia Plus you can access 6 additional exercises about Negation, as well as 588 online exercises to improve your French. She currently teaches French at Austin Community College in Austin, Texas. Take online language lessons with a professional teacher. Add “ne” before the verb and “pas” after it. in addition to ne … pas, there are other negative forms in French. Schedule a lesson. For example: Ne fume pas! Our online exercises for French help you to learn and practice grammar rules in an interactive manner. For example: Je ne le vois jamais. ), In a negative command, ne and pas surround the verb, regardless of the absence of subject in the sentence. Here’s the formula: Subject + ne + conjugated form of être or avoir + past participle + personne/nulle part/ni/aucun. Aucun makes the negation stronger. To make sure that you understand the correct answers, our answer keys offer simple explanations as well as handy tips and tricks. Give advice or recommend that someone not doing something. The same goes for sentences using the future tense. French is such a wonderful language, you have many different ways to say No. You don’t come tomorrow. Group lessons! The most common negative construction in French is ne + verb + pas, although there are also other phrases we can use. Other ways to make negative sentences in French, word order depends on pronouns (see the diagram on the, La phrase négative simple – structure (1), La phrase négative simple – structure (2), La phrase négative simple – structure – pronoms (1), La phrase négative simple – structure – pronoms (2), La phrase négative simple – constructions négatives (1), La phrase négative simple – constructions négatives (2). We don’t … For verbs in the futur proche (near future), keep in mind that the conjugated verb is aller (to go), so you place the two negative words around it, like you do with a regular negative. Free trial lesson! Nous ne travaillons pas. ), If a verb is followed by a preposition, as in jouer avec (to play with), the placement of pas/second negative changes like this: subject + ne + verb + preposition + pas/second negative. Most negative sentences in French are formed with the ne … pas construction. For example: Tu ne vas prendre aucun médicament. Pas can be replaced by other negative words, such as jamais ( never ), personne ( no one ), and rien ( nothing ). Ne stays in the same place. Group lessons! There are two main differences between French and English negative adverbs: 1. ), In a sentence with an object pronoun, like it, him, or her, the placement of ne changes like this: subject + ne + pronoun + verb + pas. Here’s the formula: Rien or Personne + ne + verb. If the objects are replaced by object pronouns, the same rule applies as with declarative sentences: Before vowels (a, e, i, o, u) or a silent h, ne becomes n’. (You’re not going to take any medication.) This is referred to some French teachers as a ne pas sandwich. When you create a negative sentence at the present tense, you can easily use the ne + verb + pas formula. (You don’t play. For example, Il n’a pas voyagé. Get 3 months membership for just €10.49 (≈ $12.48). How to Conjugate Irregular –ir French Verbs, How to Form a Question in French Using Inversion. Here’s what else you need to know in order to make a French sentence negative: The two negative words are placed around (before and after) the conjugated verb, like this: Tu ne joues pas. But if you put the “ne” “pas” anywhere in the sentence, it won’t make much sense. To make a sentence negative in French you have to use two negative terms. This is known as elision. Vous ne venez pas demain. Laima C. 24.00 €/h. French negative sentence at the future tense. Véronique Mazet has a doctorate in French from the University of Texas at Austin and is the author of two successful grammar books. The French adverb has two parts: ne, which precedes the verb, and pas (or another word or phrase, see below), which follows it. In English negation, the helping verb "do" must be added to most verbs ().This is not the case in French: if there’s … Have a question? In the passé composé, the second negative words personne (no one), nulle part (nowhere), ni (neither/nor), and aucun (none) + noun go after the past participle, not before. Je ne mange pas ce soir. Here’s the formula: Subject + ne + conjugated form of être or avoir + pas + past participle. in addition to ne … pas, there are other negative forms in French. Je ne marche pas – I don’t walk (I’m not walking) Il ne parle pas français – He doesn’t speak French; Nous ne voulons pas aller en Espagne – We do not want to go to Spain 20.00 €/h. The most basic way to make a sentence negative in French is to place ne before the verb and pas after it. Je ne danse pas. For example: Je n’ai aucune idée! For example: Il ne joue avec personne. Pas can be replaced by other negative words, such as jamais (never), personne (no one), and rien (nothing). Here’s the formula: Subject + ne + aller +infinitive + personne/nulle part/ni/aucun. What is a negative phrase in French ? For example: N'attends pas trop longtemps avant de réserver tes billets. I do not dance ! Read on for everything you need to know about negation in French grammar, then test out your new knowledge in the free exercises. For example: Ils n’ont pas de chien. Don’t let the children get used to sugar! Become a Lingolia Plus member to access these additional exercises. (Don’t do that! A sentence is negative when it denies something. When the verb is inverted, pas follows the subject pronoun.. 2. As an adjective, aucun agrees with the noun it is modifying (aucun, aucune, aucuns, aucunes). (I never see him. They generally also have two parts: When any is used in the negative sense (not any, no), it’s translated into French as either aucun or pas de (de = partitive article). (I have absolutely no idea! I don’t see anyone in the street. Free trial lesson! Il ne dort pas. (Don't smoke!) Rien (nothing) and personne (nobody) can sometimes be the subject of the verb, like in English. For example: Nous n’avons vu personne. (They don’t have a dog. Je ne mange pas. The first one is "ne" (or "n' " if the word begins with a vowel) and the second one can be the most common "pas" or an other like "plus", "rien", "jamais", "personne". In the futur proche, the negative words personne, nulle part, ni, and aucun go after the infinitive, not before. (We saw no one.) In French, you need two negative words, ne (no) and pas (not), to make a sentence negative. Our lesson here will help you to understand this. Unfortunately, Pierre doesn’t have a single friend. For verbs in the passé composé (present perfect), keep in mind that the conjugated verb is the auxiliary être (to be) or avoir (to have), not the past participle! Let’s start with the most basic way to form a negative sentence. In that case, start the sentence with either one of those words and proceed regularly with ne in front of the conjugated verb. For example: Rien n’est important (Nothing is important) and Personne ne fait la vaisselle (Nobody does the dishes). (You aren’t going to do anything this weekend.). ), Use aucun/aucune (absolutely no/none whatsoever) as the second negative word in a sentence to insist on the zero quantity. Other ways to make negative sentences in French. Schedule a lesson. (He didn’t travel.) French negative sentence at the present tense. Unfortunately, Pierre doesn’t have any friends. A negative sentence (une phrase négative) allows us to negate a statement, express disagreement, make contradictions or deny the occurrence of an event or action. He doesn’t sleep. Here’s what else you need to know in order to make a French sentence negative: The two negative words are placed around (before and after) the conjugated verb, like this: Tu ne joues pas… The conjugated verb comes between the two parts: ne + verb + pas.