Today, machining simulation and NCSIMUL Machine are operational throughout the compressor production process. The future of aerospace is wide open. CMCs are comprised of a ceramic matrix reinforced by a refractory fiber, such as silicon carbide (SiC) fiber. Compliance audits: At any company, there is a tendency of compliance to go on auto-pilot. “The trend today is that products have to be smaller, lighter, and use less power,” says Heinzig. Nicknamed triple 5-3, this has been a notoriously difficult material to machine – until recently. Although the placement of these items on the EAR may open up new sales opportunities, from a compliance perspective these standards differ little from those required under the ITAR. Design for manufacturability (DFM) is the engineering art of designing components with a balanced approach, taking into consideration both component function and its manufacturing requirements. Once such information is mixed in the vast amounts of commercial data maintained by most aerospace companies, it can become a Herculean task to find such data and pull it into special databases and servers designed to segregate it from any non-U.S. nationals who have access to the general corporate network. Often these licenses have terms and conditions (provisos) that require careful monitoring, such as limitations on their operation or dollar or quantity value limits. All of these compliance difficulties are multiplied due to the global nature of the aerospace industry. A typical jet built today is as little as 20% pure aluminum. There’s also a high process risk in machining aerospace parts. Composite construction also gives a performance advantage. Learning this system has become an obligation for Turbomeca’s teams. Like CFRPs, they can be molded to certain shapes without any extra machining, making them ideal for internal aerospace engine components, exhaust systems, and other “hot-zone” structures – even replacing the latest in HRSA metals listed earlier. Although periodic compliance audits are always a good idea, in contexts where businesses change their production, sales, and export patterns, they can be especially important. Monitoring red flags: Suspicious circumstances that indicate a potential compliance lapse or violation of law are an important aspect of any compliance program. Al-Li alloys’ high strength, low density, high stiffness, damage tolerance, corrosion resistance, and weld-friendly nature make it a better choice than traditional aluminums in commercial jetliner airframes. The industry continues to march toward components of lighter weights, increased strengths, and greater heat and corrosion resistance. Readily available, aluminum was used everywhere from the fuselage to main engine components. As the new kid on the block, it was considered to be lightweight, inexpensive, and state-of-the-art. Mistry views the HMI as a system, not just a component, starting with what the user sees and touches all the way through to communication with the host computer. The past shows us that the improper design of an HMI can render a product astonishingly ineffective. The two must be in balance, and one can’t really exist outside of the context of the other. Increasing targeting of individuals, including through attempts to impose large penalties and jail time. Lists of common red flags for export controls, economic sanctions, FCPA, and anti-boycott laws are available by contacting the author. This is more than just realistically simulating ISO code.”. To complement the consultative approach, Mistry’s firm goes a step further by providing a virtual prototype so that the customer can see precisely the proposed solution as well as how it will fit and operate in the end-user’s environment. Its fuel capacity of 284L (75 U.S. gal) permits longer time aloft, allowing more engagements per flight. Bill Click, sales engineer for CEi, says, “Building with carbon fiber means our airframes can execute and withstand more highly dynamic maneuvers than other targets built with metal airframes.”. The application of U.S. export controls to aerospace companies has a long and contentious history. This consultative process can reduce product development time and costs while solving complex problems with superior solutions and packaging. Once only considered for light structural pieces or cabin components, composites’ aerospace application range now reaches into true functional components – wing and fuselage skins, engines, and landing gear. For aerospace companies that are engaged in global production, operate abroad, or sell abroad, the key compliance considerations will likely include the following: Conducting a classification review: It is impossible to have effective compliance unless the company has precisely catalogued the goods, technology, software, technical data, research equipment, and production equipment that are subject to ITAR and EAR control. Increasingly, there’s also a need to fit the most effective HMI within extremely limited space on smaller products. Because of their exposure to harsh environments and rough treatment, these products often require ruggedized HMIs. Aerospace manufacturing using joint ventures, affiliates, and partners located worldwide can lead to difficulties in monitoring the actions of foreign persons who may be engaged in violations of U.S. laws with extra-territorial effect, including anti-bribery, export controls, OFAC economic sanctions, and anti-boycott regulations. The U.S. government is extremely innovative when it comes to exerting it jurisdiction abroad. Further, since the Department of Justice considers any person who works for a state-owned entity, such as a state-owned airline, to be a government official, the risk points for FCPA violations are particularly great for the aerospace industry. Audits are intended to combat this tendency, by confirming that compliance in the field is operating as intended by headquarters. As the glider drifted earthward, the plane’s pilot could make several gunnery passes against it. The smallest of CEi’s aerial targets – MQM-178 Firejet – offers a range of technology to support unmanned aerial adversary training. Unlike its larger brothers, the MQM-178 can be launched pneumatically, which can significantly reduce launch costs by eliminating the need for rocket-assisted take-off (RATO). “In most cases, a build-to-print HMI requires redesign, rethinking that can be unnecessarily expensive and delay product releases,” Mistry says. This means that the equipment itself can be subject to export controls and that teaching a non-U.S. national how to operate the equipment can violate the rules. Companies with licenses outstanding need to designate a person who is in charge of monitoring the operation of the licenses and complying with any conditions attached to them. Because companies now need to systematically review their entire production lines to determine the appropriate set of export controls to apply, export controls reform has instead increased the compliance responsibilities for many aerospace defense contractors. Aerospace manufacturing is unique among other volume manufacturing sectors, and this is especially true of aerospace engine manufacturing. Foreign partners and customers implicate the U.S. government’s “know-your-partner” and “know-your-customer” expectations, as well as prohibitions on Americans dealing with persons engaged in bribery or trade with embargoed persons.